Effects of Abuse
It is a little known fact that both Africans and Indians were enslaved in the United States. Both held against their will and forced to farm the land and work back-breaking and in-humane tedious tasks. These had the effect of breaking down both the body and the spirit of the African and Indian.
The stealing of the Indian’s land and the stealing away of the African from the ‘Mother Land (Africa)’ brought much pain and hardship to both groups of people. Next the dismantling of the African and Native family structures and selling of family members all caused two devastating effects that have lasted centuries. These pains and hardships are observed with the vestiges of health diseases and other physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual harms.
Both African Americans and Native Americans share the unwanted distinctions of having high rates of alcoholism, drug abuse, suicide, lowered life expectancy, and high infant mortality rates. Many of the effects of slavery, dispossession of land and genocide of culture abuses demonstrate how outward abuse can be turned inward resulting in personal depression. Personal depression in many instances is then responded to as personal abuses.
Break this chain of abuse by reclaiming your history, culture, and honor. Know who you are and cherish it.
Article by CherokeeCloud
Written August 28, 2006
Native Americans And Christianity
This same struggle occurred with the African Americans because religion was used to justify their enslavement rather than to remove and relinquish it. Thus, many African Americans have had to find their voice and their place in Christian belief and worship. Seeking to understand and interpret the Holy Bible for himself or herself.As personal and collective interpretation of Christianity occurred the Native Americans and African Americans found freedom. They found a freedom that conquered their physical captivity. Thus, in progressively larger numbers the traditional religions of the Indian and African have been replaced by Christianity.
Richard Twiss of the Rosebud Lakota/Sioux in his book, “One Church Many Tribes”, indicates that for five long centuries the Native American has struggled to find a place of acceptance and recognition of their cultural identity in the Church.” But, Twiss is encouraged and hopeful that Native Americans are seeking and will seek freedom and wholeness in Christianity.
So, in examining the question are there Native American Christians? The answer is “Yes”.
Article by CherokeeCloud
Written: August 27, 2006
Reposted: December 10, 2006
Native Voice One
The voice of Native America has become a lot stronger with the July 1 launch of Native Voice One. Based in Albuquerque, NV1 is already streaming Native programming around the world 24/7 via its Web site, www.nv1.org, and distributing material to 35 American Indian radio stations across the United States and Canada, as well as introducing mainstream radio outlets to Native programming. See www.nv1.org
CLAN WITH A C not a K
In the Native American culture a Clan is a division amongst a Tribe. It is a way of creating groups within a Tribe. The groups are generally related by family, kinship, or some common purpose. In many instances the Clans have animal names, color names, or names that are items in nature, or responsibilities to the Tribe members.
For example the Delaware Indians have three notable Clans. They are the Wolf Clan, Turtle Clan, and Turkey Clan. Also, the Cherokee Indians have seven Clans. They are the Wolf Clan, Blue Clan, Long Hair Clan, Bird Clan, Paint Clan, Deer Clan, and the Wild Potato Clan (also known as the Bear Clan).
The Cherokee Clan purposes are listed as follows:
Wolf Clan – protectors of the members of the Tribe
Blue Clan – caretakers of the herb gardens used for medicine
Long Hair Clan – traditional teachers and keepers of tradition
Bird Clan – messengers of the Tribe
Paint Clan – medical people or healers of the Tribe
Deer Clan – hunters for the Tribe, and they care for the animals that lived with the Tribe
Wild Potato Clan (Bear Clan) – farmers and food gathers of the Tribe
So, Native Americans can belong to a Native Nation, a Tribe, a Band, and a Clan.
Curious about if your ancestors belonged to a Clan? Join the “Black Red Roots Community” and learn more about it.
Article by: CherokeeCloud
Written: August 24, 2006
First Rain – Cherokee
Native Name – Igvyi Agana
Bear Claw – Cherokee
Bear Claw – Cherokee
Native Name: Yonv Dekanagosga
Recipe of the Week: New Corn-Stuffed Tamales
Properly treated and cooked, corn, which was a native dietary staple almost everywhere it grows, for 4,000 years, is as nutritious as wheat, and may be more so if what is grown in mineral-depleted soil with chemical fertilizers. Fresh corn nowadays has been bred up to be much higher in sugar — 2 – 4 times higher — than the colorful, traditional 4-colors corn, which is still a taste treat (and nutritional bonanza) if you can get it.
To roast the fresh corn: just put them (in their husks) in a 400 degree oven for 5 minutes. Husks and silk will peel off easily. Then scrape off kernels, standing cob in a big fry pan to catch them. Depending on the ears, it will take 2-4 ears to make 1 1/2 cups of kernels.
Cornhusk tamale wrappers: The ones you just prepared are probably dried out and frizzled. If you've saved and dried husks, steep them in boiling water to cover (poured over them, not cooked) while roasting and scraping the corn. Otherwise, you'll have to use foil wrappers.
Simmer milk and corn for about 10 minutes. Strain the corn, reserve the milk, and puree 1/2 cup of the kernels with this milk, reserving the rest for putting in the tamale dough. Add the puree to the masa, mix vigorously with spoon and whisk. In a separate large bowl, whip the soft butter, baking powder, and salt together until very fluffy. Start adding the masa mixture about 1/4 cup (guesstimated) at a time whisking and beating vigorously after each dough addition. Spend 15 minutes at least beating the masa mix into the butter. Fold in the green chile, the remaining cup of corn kernels, and grated cheese.
Divide the dough into 8 equal pieces, about 4 Tbsp each. Pat each piece into a rectangle on a trimmed cornhusk to form a square or rectangle, leaving a husk border at the edges of the tamale at least 1 inch. Now fold up the rectangle along the length of the cornhusks and pinch it into a roll, loosely. Roll the husk up completely around the dough roll. Tie the ends with strips of cornhusk (traditional), or string (easier). The wrapping shouldn't be totally tight, so steam can get in. Place the wrapped tamales seam-side down on the rack of any kind of steamer (wok with a rack and tight cover will do, I use big enameled cast-iron fry pan with tight lid). Tamales shouldn't touch the boiling water. Steam for 30 minutes. Let cool slightly and serve (diners unwrap their own) with any kind of hot tomato or other type of sauce. Those celebrating New Corn eat it without sauce, but fat or butter is sometimes available. Makes 8 tamales
Recipe of the Week: Baked Black Beans
Baked Black Beans
1 lb black beans
1 large onion, chopped
2 cloves garlic, minced
3 stalks celery, diced
1 minced carrot
bay leaf, thyme, parsley, tied in bouquet
1 tsp salt, freshly ground black pepper
3 Tbs butter
1 cup sour cream mixed w/ 1 cup plain yoghurt
Soak beans overnight in water to cover, or boil 2 minutes and soak 1 hour, then re-boil. Drain soaked beans, add 6 cups of water. Add vegetables and seasonings, cook slowly until beans are tender, 1 1/2-2 hrs. Discard herb bouquet. Place beans and thir juice in bean pot or casserole. Add butter. Cover and bake until beans are tender, 2 hours. Mix yoghurt and sour cream and stir into hot beans. Sprinkle parsley over the top and serve from casserole. Serves 6.
Foods Shared in Common
Foods that are enjoyed today which are contributed to Native American origin are maize (corn), potatoes, wild rice, peppers, tomatoes, and many more. Foods that are contributed to African origin were brought with the slaves from Africa. The slave traders brought captured slaves and also foods from Africa. The foods included cassava, yams, greens, peas, beans, and cereals, watermelon, banana, plantain and many more.
For the Native American and Africans to go from an abundance of food and drink to having to make due with whatever scraps of nutrients they could find or be given by their European enslavers was quite a dramatic change. But, they still survived and shared what little they had during their enslavement with others. The food they survived on sustained life but not necessarily good health.
Today, people of color have the highest rates of many chronic diseases to include cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. That is why it is time to return to eating in what is termed “close to the soil”. In other words, begin to eat fresh vegetables and fruits and lots of water. These are the eating habits and diets of our heritage.
Article by: CherokeeCloud
Written: August 23, 2006
Making the Connection
There are many ways. Two of which are a ‘paper trail’ and, a ‘DNA’ test. The paper trail is the least expensive but the most time intensive. It may take years to find and organize a paper trail in order to gain Native American Indian recognition and tribal enrollment. The Native American DNA test although much quicker (generally 8 to 12 weeks) is expensive.
The search for Native American heritage is a matter of your time or your money, and in some instances both.
For the ‘paper trail’ you must check census records, historical tribal enrollments, and sometimes be familiar with the Native language. For a DNA test, you must simply contact a DNA agency and participate in the collection your DNA for evaluation. But, it should be noted that most Native American tribes will not accept DNA evaluations for recognition and tribal enrollment. Thus, a paper trail is the one sure way of recognition and tribal enrollment.
Why is recognition and tribal enrollment important? Well, to some it is a matter of bringing closure to the status of the rumors they have heard from childhood of having “Indian” ancestry. To others it is a commemoration to their ancestors. It brings honor to their ancestors by reclaiming their heritage.
If you want tribal recognition and enrollment, then seek the ‘paper trail’. If you want to satisfy your own personal curiosity or bring closure to whether your ancestry included Native American ancestry then seek a DNA evaluation. The choice is yours.
Article by: CherokeeCloud
Written: August 22, 2006