Narragansett Indian Meal

Special foods of the Narragansett Indians were succotash, quahog chowser, johnny cakes, corn chowder, strawberries, and Indian pudding.

Wampum Quahog Shell

Wampum quahog shell (round shell of a clam) was never used as money. It was given to demonstrate honor and respect. It was also used to record historical events and used for decoration. The deepest purple quahog shell is considered the most valued.

Native Elders

Elders are considered the most important people in the tribe. They provide insight into traditional native life. Elders are treated with honor and respect.

Narragansett Indian Men

The traditional Narragansett Indian men would not only provide for his family but would provide for others in need. This tradition continues today.


The Tribe and its members were considered warriors within the region. The Narragansett customarily offered protection to smaller tribes in the area. Certain Nipmuck bands, the Niantics, Wampanoag, and Manisseans all paid tribute to the Narragansett tribe. These tribes all resided in areas of Rhode Island at the time of the first European settlement around 1635. In 1636, Roger Williams acquired land use rights to Providence from the Narragansett Sachems. The colonists quickly came into contact with both the Narragansett and Niantic Sachems, most notably Ninigret.  


The Nauset are an Algonquian tribe formerly living in Massachusetts, on that part of Cape Cod east of Bass river, forming a part of or being under control of the Wampanoag. The Nauset Indian tribe were the original inhabitants of the Cape Cod peninsula, in Massachusetts. Like their neighbours, the Wampanoag and Narraganset peoples, the Nauset spoke an N-Dialect of the Algonquin language. With a similar culture and language, very little distinguishes the Nauset except for perhaps their heavier reliance upon the ocean. Their location on the Cape made them easy targets to European slave raids, often kidnapped and sold into the Caribbean.When Samuel de Champlain encountered the Nauset Indians, they were expectedly very hostile. The Pilgrims made contact with the Nauset during their initial landing near modern-day Provincetown, and stole maize. Their isolation proved beneficial, as they were not subject to the purges following King Phillip's War, but many fell victim to diseases introduced by the Europeans. The Nauset eventually merged into the Wampanoag tribe. The town of Mashpee, whose native inhabitants are considered Wampanoag, probably are more likely descended from members of the Nauset tribe, and number around 1,100 people. The area known as Hyannis is named after the Nauset sachem Iyannough.



An important confederation of Iroquoian tribes living in the 17th century north of Lake Erie in Ontario, having four villages east of Niagara river on territory extending to the Genesee watershed; the western bounds of these tribes were indefinitely west of Detroit river and Lake St Clair. The Neutrals were a tribe of American Indians who lived in what is now upstate New York and southern Ontario. Their own name for themselves has been lost, but they were called Attawandaron by the Hurons, meaning "people of a slightly different language". The name Neutral was applied to them by the French because they tried to be neutral between the warring Huron and Iroquois peoples. During the Beaver Wars, the Iroquois conquered and absorbed the Neutral tribe in the year 1651. Some of the Neutrals seem to have had a close relationship with the Erielhonan people, and some of their neighbors referred to them collectively as the "Cat nation".


In the following war Uncas advanced himself as a true ally of the English, and was a great force toward the destruction of his erstwhile people. But Sassacus and some other Pequots managed to flee from the massacre. He went with his followers back to the Mahicans, with whom he hoped to hide. However, the Mahicans, in the meantime, had become subject to the Mohawks, who had conquered them. The Mohawks beheaded Sassacus and sent his head to Hartford, Connecticut as proof of their loyalty.




The Montagnais are a group of people located originally in Labrador, Canada.  They received their name from the French, meaning "mountaineers". There are many ways to spell the name of these people including Montagnar, Moatagne, Montagnie, and Montainier.     Labrador is located in the northeastern part of North America.  Most of the Montagnais groups were located along the Gulf of the St. Lawrence.  This accounts for why the French gave them the name Montagnais, due in large part to the ruggedness of the land along the St. Lawrence. The Montagnais, also called Innu, belong to the Algonquian language family. They number more than 14,700 in Quebec, of whom over 10,400 live on-reserve. It is the largest First Nation in population in Quebec. Its territory extends from the North Shore to Lac Saint-Jean. There are nine Montagnais communities in Quebec. The Montagnais traditionally led a nomadic lifestyle



The Mi'kmaq Nation was a member of the Wabanaki Confederacy that controlled much of New England and the Canadian Maritimes. The Micmacs are original natives of the Nova Scotia/New Brunswick region. They moved into Quebec, Newfoundland, and Maine later, but they were well-established in those locations by the time Europeans arrived. Today, most Mi'kmaq people live on the Canadian side of the border, but one band, the Aroostook, lives in northeastern Maine. Like most American Indian tribes of Canada, the Micmac people live on reserves which belong to them and are legally under their control. Each Micmac tribe, known as a "band" or "First Nation" in Canada, is politically independent and has its own leadership (although in some cases several Mi'kmaq nations have formed coalitions to address common problems). However the Canadian government still considers the Micmacs citizens and controls some of their decisions. There is also one Micmac reservation in Maine which is similarly overseen by the US government. Each Mi'kmaq First Nation has its own government, laws, police, and other services, just like a small country.



It was the Metoac's grave misfortune to occupy the northern shore of Long Island which was the source of the best wampum (beads of shells strung in strands and used by American Indians as money) in the Northeast. Each summer, the Metoac harvested clam shells from the waters of Long Island Sound which, during the winter, were painstakingly fashioned into small beads. Strung together in long strands, they were called "wampompeag" – shortened somewhat by the English colonists into the more familiar form of "wampum" …the Dutch called it siwan (sewan). The Metoac traded this painstakingly crafted product to other tribes (most notably the Mahican) and prospered as a result. Passed from tribe to tribe, Long Island wampum made its way as far west as the Black Hills of South Dakota. The strings of shell beads were sometimes employed as a rudimentary currency in native trade, but it was also valued for personal decoration. Arranged into belts whose designs could convey ideas, wampum was also employed in native diplomacy to bind important agreements such as war and peace.

Notable Massachusett Indians

The Massachusett Indian tribe had several notables. The included Job Nasutan who worked with missionary John Eliot to translate the bible into Algonquin, and Crispus Attucks, killed in the Boston Massacre was the son a free black and a Massachuset Indian mother.



It is not uncommon to run across some mention of the Wappinger, Paugussett, and Mattabesic Confederations, but these political organizations never really existed. In fact, the Mattabesic were not even a tribe within the usual meaning of the word but instead a collection of a dozen, or so, small tribes which shared a common language, culture, and geographic area. The name of the Mattabesic comes from a single village on the Connecticut River near Middletown, but beyond their hereditary sachems whose authority was usually limited to a few villages, the Mattabesic tribes did not have a unifying political structure. It also does not take a great deal of arithmetic to realize that, with 60 villages and 10,000 people, their villages were small, and the population of many of the individual tribes was less than 500.